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J Cosmet Med 2018; 2(2): 63-68

Published online December 31, 2018

https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2018.2.2.63

Genioplasty: evaluation and management

Ji Yun Choi, MD, PhD1 , Chang Won Koh, MD2

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Rep. of Korea, 2Department of Public Health Service,Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to :
Ji Yun Choi, E-mail: happyent@naver.com, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6097-3141

Received: November 7, 2018; Accepted: November 11, 2018

© Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The secret to a beautiful face can be found in the overall harmony and balance of its anatomical units. It includes all anatomical units, such as teeth, bones, and soft tissues, influential on each other. The chin is one of the most prominent structures of the face, which plays a significant role in determining overall facial form. Prosthetic material graft is a simple procedure, while genioplasty is an effective procedure for correcting complex chin deformities. Sliding genioplasty offers a distinct advantage in that it gives surgeons the ability to resolve a host of chin abnormalities, ranging from underprojection, overprojection, vertical height disparities to transverse asymmetries.

Keywords: complications, genioplasty, horizontal osteotomy

  1. Lehman JA Jr. Soft-tissue manifestations of aesthetic defects of the jaws: diagnosis and treatment. Clin Plast Surg 1987;14:767-83.
    Pubmed
  2. Downs WB. Variations in facial relationships; their significance in treatment and prognosis. Am J Orthod 1948;34:81240.
    CrossRef
  3. Spear SL, Kassan M. Genioplasty. Clin Plast Surg 1989;16:695706.
  4. Rakosi T. An atlas and manual of cephalometric radiography. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1982.
  5. Steiner CC. Cephalometrics in clinical practice. Angle Orthod 1959;29:8-29.
  6. Ricketts RM. Esthetics, environment, and the law of lip relation. Am J Orthod 1968;54:272-89.
    CrossRef
  7. Burstone CJ. Lip posture and its significance in treatment planning. Am J Orthod 1967;53:262-84.
    CrossRef
  8. Gonz?lez-Ulloa M, Stevens E. Role of chin correction in profileplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 1968;41:477-86.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Precious DS, Delaire J. Correction of anterior mandibular vertical excess: the functional genioplasty. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1985;59:229-35.
    CrossRef
  10. Powell N, Humphreys B. Proportions of the aesthetic face. New York: Thieme-Stratton; 1984.
  11. Bell WH, Gallagher DM. The versatility of genioplasty using a broad pedicle. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1983;41:763-9.
    CrossRef
  12. McCarthy JG, Ruff GL. The chin. Clin Plast Surg 1988;15:12537.
  13. Hofer O. [Operation der prognathie und mikrogenie]. Dtsch Zahnarztl Mund Kieferheilkd 1942;9:121-32. German.
  14. Converse JM, Wood-Smith D. Horizontal osteotomy of the mandible. Plast Reconstr Surg 1964;34:464-71.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Sykes J, Donald PJ. Orthognathic surgery. In: Papel ID, Nachlas NE, editors. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1992.
  16. Sykes J, Frodel JL. Mentoplasty. In: Cummings CW, editor. Otolaryngology - head and neck surgery. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book; 1992.
  17. Sykes JM, Frodel JL Jr. Genioplasty. Oper Tech Otolaryngol 1995;6:319-23.
    CrossRef
  18. Wolfe SA. The chin. In: Wolfe SA, Berkowitz S, editors. Plastic surgery of facial skeleton. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company; 1989.

Article

Review Article

J Cosmet Med 2018; 2(2): 63-68

Published online December 31, 2018 https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2018.2.2.63

Copyright © Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery.

Genioplasty: evaluation and management

Ji Yun Choi, MD, PhD1 , Chang Won Koh, MD2

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Rep. of Korea, 2Department of Public Health Service,Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to:Ji Yun Choi, E-mail: happyent@naver.com, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6097-3141

Received: November 7, 2018; Accepted: November 11, 2018

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The secret to a beautiful face can be found in the overall harmony and balance of its anatomical units. It includes all anatomical units, such as teeth, bones, and soft tissues, influential on each other. The chin is one of the most prominent structures of the face, which plays a significant role in determining overall facial form. Prosthetic material graft is a simple procedure, while genioplasty is an effective procedure for correcting complex chin deformities. Sliding genioplasty offers a distinct advantage in that it gives surgeons the ability to resolve a host of chin abnormalities, ranging from underprojection, overprojection, vertical height disparities to transverse asymmetries.

Keywords: complications, genioplasty, horizontal osteotomy

References

  1. Lehman JA Jr. Soft-tissue manifestations of aesthetic defects of the jaws: diagnosis and treatment. Clin Plast Surg 1987;14:767-83.
    Pubmed
  2. Downs WB. Variations in facial relationships; their significance in treatment and prognosis. Am J Orthod 1948;34:81240.
    CrossRef
  3. Spear SL, Kassan M. Genioplasty. Clin Plast Surg 1989;16:695706.
  4. Rakosi T. An atlas and manual of cephalometric radiography. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1982.
  5. Steiner CC. Cephalometrics in clinical practice. Angle Orthod 1959;29:8-29.
  6. Ricketts RM. Esthetics, environment, and the law of lip relation. Am J Orthod 1968;54:272-89.
    CrossRef
  7. Burstone CJ. Lip posture and its significance in treatment planning. Am J Orthod 1967;53:262-84.
    CrossRef
  8. Gonz?lez-Ulloa M, Stevens E. Role of chin correction in profileplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 1968;41:477-86.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Precious DS, Delaire J. Correction of anterior mandibular vertical excess: the functional genioplasty. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1985;59:229-35.
    CrossRef
  10. Powell N, Humphreys B. Proportions of the aesthetic face. New York: Thieme-Stratton; 1984.
  11. Bell WH, Gallagher DM. The versatility of genioplasty using a broad pedicle. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1983;41:763-9.
    CrossRef
  12. McCarthy JG, Ruff GL. The chin. Clin Plast Surg 1988;15:12537.
  13. Hofer O. [Operation der prognathie und mikrogenie]. Dtsch Zahnarztl Mund Kieferheilkd 1942;9:121-32. German.
  14. Converse JM, Wood-Smith D. Horizontal osteotomy of the mandible. Plast Reconstr Surg 1964;34:464-71.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Sykes J, Donald PJ. Orthognathic surgery. In: Papel ID, Nachlas NE, editors. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1992.
  16. Sykes J, Frodel JL. Mentoplasty. In: Cummings CW, editor. Otolaryngology - head and neck surgery. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book; 1992.
  17. Sykes JM, Frodel JL Jr. Genioplasty. Oper Tech Otolaryngol 1995;6:319-23.
    CrossRef
  18. Wolfe SA. The chin. In: Wolfe SA, Berkowitz S, editors. Plastic surgery of facial skeleton. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company; 1989.

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