닫기

Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords

Original Article

Split Viewer

J Cosmet Med 2023; 7(2): 66-70

Published online December 31, 2023

https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.66

Ideal nose shapes in Koreans: achievable aesthetics

Tae-Hoon Lee , MD, PhD, Jae Won Jang , MD, Soon Joon Kim , MD, Sang-Hyok Suk , MD, Jung Gwon Nam , MD, PhD

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to :
Tae-Hoon Lee
E-mail: thlee@uuh.ulsan.kr

Received: November 9, 2023; Revised: November 20, 2023; Accepted: November 29, 2023

© Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery & Medicine

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: Effective preoperative planning, which is essential to rhinoplasty success, requires a deep understanding of nasal aesthetics and open communication between surgeons and patients. Ideal values are often identified by subjective surveys and questionnaires and may differ from patient–surgeon discussions.
Objective: This study employed three-dimensional computer-simulated images to investigate the real-world ideal aesthetic values of the nose compared with established ideals.
Methods: Image data collected from January 2020 to October 2023 included 199 computer-simulated rhinoplasty patients with an average age of 32.3 years (114 male, 85 female).
Results: Simulated nasofrontal angles averaged 145.75 degrees for male and 148.80 degrees for female, whereas nasolabial angles averaged 101.53 degrees for male and 102.92 degrees for female. Nasofacial angles averaged 29.56 degrees for male and 29.78 degrees for female, while nasomental angles averaged 131.66 degrees for male and 132.22 degrees for female. Simulated nasal lengths averaged 4.58 cm for male and 4.01 cm for female, while nasal heights averaged 2.61 cm for male and 2.27 cm for female. The mean tip projection ratio was 0.57 for both male and female.
Conclusion: The ideal nasofrontal angle for Koreans was greater than previously thought and potentially influenced by a preference for a natural-looking nose profile and less pronounced glabella. The nasolabial angle and tip projection ratio exhibited the most and least variation, respectively. Notable sex-based differences in nasofrontal angle, nasal length, and nasal height were observed, whereas other measurements remained consistent. The nasolabial angle disparities between male and female were smaller than the widely accepted 5-degree difference, indicating a higher degree of sex similarity in nasal aesthetic preferences among Koreans.

Keywords: beauty, esthetics, nose, rhinoplasty

Fig. 1.Mean simulated aesthetic nose angles are shown. Significant sex-based differences in nasofrontal angle were observed (*p<0.001).
  1. Lee TH, Kim S. Application of three-dimensional printing technology and Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle in deviated nose correction. J Cosmet Med 2021;5:53-6.
    CrossRef
  2. Ishii LE. Aesthetic facial proportions. In: Papel ID, Frodel JL, Holt GR, Larrabee WF, Nachlas NE, Park SS, editors. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. 4th ed. New York (NY): Thieme; 2016. p. 66-79.
  3. Jin HR, Won TB. Rhinoplasty. In: Kim JS, editor. Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery. 3rd ed. Paju: Koonja; 2018. p. 797-853.
  4. Yun YS, Park JW, Jung DH, Jang TY, Hong YC, Min YG. External nasal appearances preferred by Koreans from the twenties to the thirties. Korean J Otolaryngol 1997;40:1122-7.
  5. Yoon JK, Ham KS, Cho YJ. Study on the beauty sense for the nose in Korean. J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg 1990;17:190-5.
  6. Jung DH, Kim YJ, Im JH, Kim TM, Jang TY. Psychoanalysis of the aesthetic nasal surgery. Korean J Otolaryngol 2001;44: 1060-7.
  7. Chait LA, Widgerow AD. In search of the ideal nose. Plast Reconstr Surg 2000;105:2561-7; discussion 2568-72.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Wang JH, Jang YJ, Park SK, Lee BJ. Measurement of aesthetic proportions in the profile view of Koreans. Ann Plast Surg 2009;62:109-13.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Lee TH. Using nasal septal cartilage-bone complex for anterior septal reconstruction in Asians. J Cosmet Med 2022;6:103-5.
    CrossRef
  10. Kim JS, Han KH, Choi TH, Kim NG, Lee KS, Son DG, et al. Correction of the nasal tip and columella in Koreans by a complete septal extension graft using an extensive harvesting technique. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2007;60:163-70.
    Pubmed CrossRef

Article

Original Article

J Cosmet Med 2023; 7(2): 66-70

Published online December 31, 2023 https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.66

Copyright © Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery & Medicine.

Ideal nose shapes in Koreans: achievable aesthetics

Tae-Hoon Lee , MD, PhD, Jae Won Jang , MD, Soon Joon Kim , MD, Sang-Hyok Suk , MD, Jung Gwon Nam , MD, PhD

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to:Tae-Hoon Lee
E-mail: thlee@uuh.ulsan.kr

Received: November 9, 2023; Revised: November 20, 2023; Accepted: November 29, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: Effective preoperative planning, which is essential to rhinoplasty success, requires a deep understanding of nasal aesthetics and open communication between surgeons and patients. Ideal values are often identified by subjective surveys and questionnaires and may differ from patient–surgeon discussions.
Objective: This study employed three-dimensional computer-simulated images to investigate the real-world ideal aesthetic values of the nose compared with established ideals.
Methods: Image data collected from January 2020 to October 2023 included 199 computer-simulated rhinoplasty patients with an average age of 32.3 years (114 male, 85 female).
Results: Simulated nasofrontal angles averaged 145.75 degrees for male and 148.80 degrees for female, whereas nasolabial angles averaged 101.53 degrees for male and 102.92 degrees for female. Nasofacial angles averaged 29.56 degrees for male and 29.78 degrees for female, while nasomental angles averaged 131.66 degrees for male and 132.22 degrees for female. Simulated nasal lengths averaged 4.58 cm for male and 4.01 cm for female, while nasal heights averaged 2.61 cm for male and 2.27 cm for female. The mean tip projection ratio was 0.57 for both male and female.
Conclusion: The ideal nasofrontal angle for Koreans was greater than previously thought and potentially influenced by a preference for a natural-looking nose profile and less pronounced glabella. The nasolabial angle and tip projection ratio exhibited the most and least variation, respectively. Notable sex-based differences in nasofrontal angle, nasal length, and nasal height were observed, whereas other measurements remained consistent. The nasolabial angle disparities between male and female were smaller than the widely accepted 5-degree difference, indicating a higher degree of sex similarity in nasal aesthetic preferences among Koreans.

Keywords: beauty, esthetics, nose, rhinoplasty

Fig 1.

Figure 1.Mean simulated aesthetic nose angles are shown. Significant sex-based differences in nasofrontal angle were observed (*p<0.001).
Journal of Cosmetic Medicine 2023; 7: 66-70https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.66

References

  1. Lee TH, Kim S. Application of three-dimensional printing technology and Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle in deviated nose correction. J Cosmet Med 2021;5:53-6.
    CrossRef
  2. Ishii LE. Aesthetic facial proportions. In: Papel ID, Frodel JL, Holt GR, Larrabee WF, Nachlas NE, Park SS, editors. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. 4th ed. New York (NY): Thieme; 2016. p. 66-79.
  3. Jin HR, Won TB. Rhinoplasty. In: Kim JS, editor. Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery. 3rd ed. Paju: Koonja; 2018. p. 797-853.
  4. Yun YS, Park JW, Jung DH, Jang TY, Hong YC, Min YG. External nasal appearances preferred by Koreans from the twenties to the thirties. Korean J Otolaryngol 1997;40:1122-7.
  5. Yoon JK, Ham KS, Cho YJ. Study on the beauty sense for the nose in Korean. J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg 1990;17:190-5.
  6. Jung DH, Kim YJ, Im JH, Kim TM, Jang TY. Psychoanalysis of the aesthetic nasal surgery. Korean J Otolaryngol 2001;44: 1060-7.
  7. Chait LA, Widgerow AD. In search of the ideal nose. Plast Reconstr Surg 2000;105:2561-7; discussion 2568-72.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Wang JH, Jang YJ, Park SK, Lee BJ. Measurement of aesthetic proportions in the profile view of Koreans. Ann Plast Surg 2009;62:109-13.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Lee TH. Using nasal septal cartilage-bone complex for anterior septal reconstruction in Asians. J Cosmet Med 2022;6:103-5.
    CrossRef
  10. Kim JS, Han KH, Choi TH, Kim NG, Lee KS, Son DG, et al. Correction of the nasal tip and columella in Koreans by a complete septal extension graft using an extensive harvesting technique. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2007;60:163-70.
    Pubmed CrossRef

Stats or Metrics

Share this article on :

  • line

Related articles in JCM

Most KeyWord ?

What is Most Keyword?

  • It is most registrated keyword in articles at this journal during for 2 years.

Journal of Cosmetic Medicine

eISSN 2586-0585
pISSN 2508-8831
qr-code Download