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J Cosmet Med 2023; 7(2): 53-59

Published online December 31, 2023

https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.53

Combined use of Luzstre cleanser and moisturizer product for skin rejuvenation

Siti Nur Hanis Mamood, PhD1 , Adibah Hanim Ismail, MD, M.Med (Fam. Med)2 , Suhaila Sujani, MD3

1Ungku Shahrin Medical Aesthetic Research and Innovation (USMARI) Centre, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Zeyls Clinic, Kulai, Johor, Malaysia

Correspondence to :
Adibah Hanim Ismail
E-mail: adibahanim@upm.edu.my

Received: July 9, 2023; Revised: August 14, 2023; Accepted: August 17, 2023

© Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery & Medicine

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: A combination of facial cleanser and moisturizer is necessary to maintain healthy skin.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer on skin rejuvenation.
Methods: A study was conducted with man and woman participants aged 20 to 60 years for 8 weeks. Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer were used twice a day (morning and night), and skin assessments of skin pores, wrinkles, elasticity, sebum, and hydration, were performed at baseline, week 3, and week 8. Participant satisfaction surveys were administered at the end of the study, and the adverse effects of both products were assessed based on the participants’ reports.
Results: After 8 weeks of using Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer, there was a significant increase in skin hydration (p<0.05) compared to baseline. However, there were no significant changes in the participants’ skin pores, wrinkles, elasticity, or sebum levels from baseline to week 8. Most of the participants were satisfied with the products (86.9%). They reported that their skin felt hydrated and did not feel itchy. The participants perceived that the products provided a soothing sensation; their skin felt soft, did not feel dry or sticky, and became more radiant. However, 3 participants withdrew from the study because of skin irritation and rashes after using the products. They also reported that their skin felt dry and that they experienced a stinging sensation after using the facial cleanser. None of the participants reported any other adverse effects.
Conclusion: Using Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer in combination significantly increased skin hydration, resulting in high satisfaction. This result also indicates the need for potential research, such as a randomized controlled trial with a larger sample size and longer follow-up, for other skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis.

Keywords: humans, personal satisfaction, rejuvenation

Fig. 1.Flow chart illustrating participant enrollment and progress through the study.
  1. Draelos ZD. The science behind skin care: moisturizers. J Cosmet Dermatol 2018;17:138-44.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Kuehl BL, Fyfe KS, Shear NH. Cutaneous cleansers. Skin Therapy Lett 2003;8:1-4.
  3. Yokoi A, Endo K, Ozawa T, Miyaki M, Matsuo K, Nozawa K, et al. A cleanser based on sodium laureth carboxylate and alkyl carboxylates washes facial sebum well but does not induce dry skin. J Cosmet Dermatol 2014;13:245-52.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  4. Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Moore DJ, Subramanyan K, Misra M, Meyer F. Cleansing without compromise: the impact of cleansers on the skin barrier and the technology of mild cleansing. Dermatol Ther 2004;17 Suppl 1:16-25.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  5. Atrux-Tallau N, Romagny C, Padois K, Denis A, Haftek M, Falson F, et al. Effects of glycerol on human skin damaged by acute sodium lauryl sulphate treatment. Arch Dermatol Res 2010;302:435-41.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Eo J, Seo YK, Baek JH, Choi AR, Shin MK, Koh JS. Facial skin physiology recovery kinetics during 180 min post-washing with a cleanser. Skin Res Technol 2016;22:148-51.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Gold M, Ablon G, Andriessen A, Goldberg D, Hooper D, Mandy S. Facial cleansing with a sonic brush-a review of the literature and current recommendations. J Cosmet Dermatol 2019;18:686-91.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Luebberding S, Krueger N, Kerscher M. Age-related changes in skin barrier function - quantitative evaluation of 150 female subjects. Int J Cosmet Sci 2013;35:183-90.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Luebberding S, Krueger N, Kerscher M. Skin physiology in men and women: in vivo evaluation of 300 people including TEWL, SC hydration, sebum content and skin surface pH. Int J Cosmet Sci 2013;35:477-83.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  10. Narurkar VA, Fabi SG, Bucay VW, Tedaldi R, Downie JB, Zeichner JA, et al. Rejuvenating hydrator: restoring epidermal hyaluronic acid homeostasis with instant benefits. J Drugs Dermatol 2016;15(1 Suppl 2):s24-37.
  11. Parrish AR. The impact of aging on epithelial barriers. Tissue Barriers 2017;5:e1343172.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  12. McDaniel D, Farris P, Valacchi G. Atmospheric skin aging-contributors and inhibitors. J Cosmet Dermatol 2018;17:124-37.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. McDaniel DH, Dover JS, Wortzman M, Nelson DB. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a moisture treatment cream containing three critical elements of natural skin moisturization. J Cosmet Dermatol 2020;19:1121-8.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  14. Draelos ZD, Diaz I, Namkoong J, Wu J, Boyd T. Efficacy evaluation of a topical hyaluronic acid serum in facial photoaging. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2021;11:1385-94.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  15. Kim H, Kim JT, Barua S, Yoo SY, Hong SC, Lee KB, et al. Seeking better topical delivery technologies of moisturizing agents for enhanced skin moisturization. Expert Opin Drug Deliv 2018;15:17-31.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Engebretsen KA, Kezic S, Riethmüller C, Franz J, Jakasa I, Hedengran A, et al. Changes in filaggrin degradation products and corneocyte surface texture by season. Br J Dermatol 2018;178:1143-50.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  17. Kuver S, Palshikar G. Formulation and evaluation of herbal antiacne face wash. Int J Phytother Res 2014;4:1-9.
  18. Spada F, Barnes TM, Greive KA. Skin hydration is significantly increased by a cream formulated to mimic the skin’s own natural moisturizing systems. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018;11:491-7.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  19. Effendy I, Maibach HI. Surfactants and experimental irritant contact dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 1995;33:217-25.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Wall MM. Functional lipid characteristics, oxidative stability, and antioxidant activity of macadamia nut (Macadamia integrifolia) cultivars. Food Chem 2010;121:1103-8.
    CrossRef
  21. Hanum TI, Laila L, Sumaiyah S, Syahrina E. Macadamia nuts oil in nanocream and conventional cream as skin anti-aging: a comparative study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019;7:3917-20.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  22. Almeida MM, Alves JMP, Patto DCS, Lima CRRC, Quenca-Guillen JS, Santoro MIRM, et al. Determination of tocopheryl acetate and ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate in cosmetic formulations by HPLC. Int J Cosmet Sci 2009;31:445-50.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Picardo M, Ottaviani M, Camera E, Mastrofrancesco A. Sebaceous gland lipids. Dermatoendocrinol 2009;1:68-71.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  24. Lee BM, An S, Kim SY, Han HJ, Jeong YJ, Lee KR, et al. Topical application of a cleanser containing extracts of Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis reduces skin oil content and pore size in human skin. Biomed Rep 2015;3:343-6.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  25. Lips A, Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Vethamuthu M, Hua XY, Yang L, Vincent C, et al. Role of surfactant micelle charge in protein denaturation and surfactant-induced skin irritation. In: Rhein LD, Schlossman M, O’Lenick A, Somasundaran P, editors. Surfactants in personal care products and decorative cosmetics. 3rd ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2006. p. 177-87.
    CrossRef
  26. Cunliffe WJ, Holland DB, Jeremy A. Comedone formation: etiology, clinical presentation, and treatment. Clin Dermatol 2004;22:367-74.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  27. Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Yang L, Vincent C, Tsaur L, Vetro K, Foy V, et al. A novel technology in mild and moisturizing cleansing liquids Cosmet Dermatol 2009;22:307-16.
  28. Draelos ZD. Cosmeceuticals: undefined, unclassified, and unregulated. Clin Dermatol 2009;27:431-4.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  29. Yu JY, Jang AY, Chang BS. Comparative analysis of skin condition after using cleansing oil and cleansing water for removing facial makeup. Medico Leg Update 2019;19:526-32.
    CrossRef
  30. Draelos ZD. Cosmetics, categories, and the future. Dermatol Ther 2012;25:223-8.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  31. Draelos ZD. Cosmeceuticals: efficacy and influence on skin tone. Dermatol Clin 2014;32:137-43.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  32. Farris PK. Cosmeceuticals and clinical practice. In: Farris PK, editor. Cosmeceuticals and cosmetic practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 2013. p. 1-7.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  33. Clarke LH. Physical appearance changes across adulthood - women. In: Cash T, editor. Encyclopedia of body image and human appearance. London: Academic Press; 2012. p. 602-7.
    CrossRef

Article

Original Article

J Cosmet Med 2023; 7(2): 53-59

Published online December 31, 2023 https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.53

Copyright © Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery & Medicine.

Combined use of Luzstre cleanser and moisturizer product for skin rejuvenation

Siti Nur Hanis Mamood, PhD1 , Adibah Hanim Ismail, MD, M.Med (Fam. Med)2 , Suhaila Sujani, MD3

1Ungku Shahrin Medical Aesthetic Research and Innovation (USMARI) Centre, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Zeyls Clinic, Kulai, Johor, Malaysia

Correspondence to:Adibah Hanim Ismail
E-mail: adibahanim@upm.edu.my

Received: July 9, 2023; Revised: August 14, 2023; Accepted: August 17, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: A combination of facial cleanser and moisturizer is necessary to maintain healthy skin.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer on skin rejuvenation.
Methods: A study was conducted with man and woman participants aged 20 to 60 years for 8 weeks. Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer were used twice a day (morning and night), and skin assessments of skin pores, wrinkles, elasticity, sebum, and hydration, were performed at baseline, week 3, and week 8. Participant satisfaction surveys were administered at the end of the study, and the adverse effects of both products were assessed based on the participants’ reports.
Results: After 8 weeks of using Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer, there was a significant increase in skin hydration (p<0.05) compared to baseline. However, there were no significant changes in the participants’ skin pores, wrinkles, elasticity, or sebum levels from baseline to week 8. Most of the participants were satisfied with the products (86.9%). They reported that their skin felt hydrated and did not feel itchy. The participants perceived that the products provided a soothing sensation; their skin felt soft, did not feel dry or sticky, and became more radiant. However, 3 participants withdrew from the study because of skin irritation and rashes after using the products. They also reported that their skin felt dry and that they experienced a stinging sensation after using the facial cleanser. None of the participants reported any other adverse effects.
Conclusion: Using Luzstre facial cleanser and moisturizer in combination significantly increased skin hydration, resulting in high satisfaction. This result also indicates the need for potential research, such as a randomized controlled trial with a larger sample size and longer follow-up, for other skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis.

Keywords: humans, personal satisfaction, rejuvenation

Fig 1.

Figure 1.Flow chart illustrating participant enrollment and progress through the study.
Journal of Cosmetic Medicine 2023; 7: 53-59https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2023.7.2.53

References

  1. Draelos ZD. The science behind skin care: moisturizers. J Cosmet Dermatol 2018;17:138-44.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Kuehl BL, Fyfe KS, Shear NH. Cutaneous cleansers. Skin Therapy Lett 2003;8:1-4.
  3. Yokoi A, Endo K, Ozawa T, Miyaki M, Matsuo K, Nozawa K, et al. A cleanser based on sodium laureth carboxylate and alkyl carboxylates washes facial sebum well but does not induce dry skin. J Cosmet Dermatol 2014;13:245-52.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  4. Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Moore DJ, Subramanyan K, Misra M, Meyer F. Cleansing without compromise: the impact of cleansers on the skin barrier and the technology of mild cleansing. Dermatol Ther 2004;17 Suppl 1:16-25.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  5. Atrux-Tallau N, Romagny C, Padois K, Denis A, Haftek M, Falson F, et al. Effects of glycerol on human skin damaged by acute sodium lauryl sulphate treatment. Arch Dermatol Res 2010;302:435-41.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Eo J, Seo YK, Baek JH, Choi AR, Shin MK, Koh JS. Facial skin physiology recovery kinetics during 180 min post-washing with a cleanser. Skin Res Technol 2016;22:148-51.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Gold M, Ablon G, Andriessen A, Goldberg D, Hooper D, Mandy S. Facial cleansing with a sonic brush-a review of the literature and current recommendations. J Cosmet Dermatol 2019;18:686-91.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Luebberding S, Krueger N, Kerscher M. Age-related changes in skin barrier function - quantitative evaluation of 150 female subjects. Int J Cosmet Sci 2013;35:183-90.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Luebberding S, Krueger N, Kerscher M. Skin physiology in men and women: in vivo evaluation of 300 people including TEWL, SC hydration, sebum content and skin surface pH. Int J Cosmet Sci 2013;35:477-83.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  10. Narurkar VA, Fabi SG, Bucay VW, Tedaldi R, Downie JB, Zeichner JA, et al. Rejuvenating hydrator: restoring epidermal hyaluronic acid homeostasis with instant benefits. J Drugs Dermatol 2016;15(1 Suppl 2):s24-37.
  11. Parrish AR. The impact of aging on epithelial barriers. Tissue Barriers 2017;5:e1343172.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  12. McDaniel D, Farris P, Valacchi G. Atmospheric skin aging-contributors and inhibitors. J Cosmet Dermatol 2018;17:124-37.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. McDaniel DH, Dover JS, Wortzman M, Nelson DB. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a moisture treatment cream containing three critical elements of natural skin moisturization. J Cosmet Dermatol 2020;19:1121-8.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  14. Draelos ZD, Diaz I, Namkoong J, Wu J, Boyd T. Efficacy evaluation of a topical hyaluronic acid serum in facial photoaging. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2021;11:1385-94.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  15. Kim H, Kim JT, Barua S, Yoo SY, Hong SC, Lee KB, et al. Seeking better topical delivery technologies of moisturizing agents for enhanced skin moisturization. Expert Opin Drug Deliv 2018;15:17-31.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Engebretsen KA, Kezic S, Riethmüller C, Franz J, Jakasa I, Hedengran A, et al. Changes in filaggrin degradation products and corneocyte surface texture by season. Br J Dermatol 2018;178:1143-50.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  17. Kuver S, Palshikar G. Formulation and evaluation of herbal antiacne face wash. Int J Phytother Res 2014;4:1-9.
  18. Spada F, Barnes TM, Greive KA. Skin hydration is significantly increased by a cream formulated to mimic the skin’s own natural moisturizing systems. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018;11:491-7.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  19. Effendy I, Maibach HI. Surfactants and experimental irritant contact dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 1995;33:217-25.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Wall MM. Functional lipid characteristics, oxidative stability, and antioxidant activity of macadamia nut (Macadamia integrifolia) cultivars. Food Chem 2010;121:1103-8.
    CrossRef
  21. Hanum TI, Laila L, Sumaiyah S, Syahrina E. Macadamia nuts oil in nanocream and conventional cream as skin anti-aging: a comparative study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019;7:3917-20.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  22. Almeida MM, Alves JMP, Patto DCS, Lima CRRC, Quenca-Guillen JS, Santoro MIRM, et al. Determination of tocopheryl acetate and ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate in cosmetic formulations by HPLC. Int J Cosmet Sci 2009;31:445-50.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  23. Picardo M, Ottaviani M, Camera E, Mastrofrancesco A. Sebaceous gland lipids. Dermatoendocrinol 2009;1:68-71.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  24. Lee BM, An S, Kim SY, Han HJ, Jeong YJ, Lee KR, et al. Topical application of a cleanser containing extracts of Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis reduces skin oil content and pore size in human skin. Biomed Rep 2015;3:343-6.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  25. Lips A, Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Vethamuthu M, Hua XY, Yang L, Vincent C, et al. Role of surfactant micelle charge in protein denaturation and surfactant-induced skin irritation. In: Rhein LD, Schlossman M, O’Lenick A, Somasundaran P, editors. Surfactants in personal care products and decorative cosmetics. 3rd ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2006. p. 177-87.
    CrossRef
  26. Cunliffe WJ, Holland DB, Jeremy A. Comedone formation: etiology, clinical presentation, and treatment. Clin Dermatol 2004;22:367-74.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  27. Ananthapadmanabhan KP, Yang L, Vincent C, Tsaur L, Vetro K, Foy V, et al. A novel technology in mild and moisturizing cleansing liquids Cosmet Dermatol 2009;22:307-16.
  28. Draelos ZD. Cosmeceuticals: undefined, unclassified, and unregulated. Clin Dermatol 2009;27:431-4.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  29. Yu JY, Jang AY, Chang BS. Comparative analysis of skin condition after using cleansing oil and cleansing water for removing facial makeup. Medico Leg Update 2019;19:526-32.
    CrossRef
  30. Draelos ZD. Cosmetics, categories, and the future. Dermatol Ther 2012;25:223-8.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  31. Draelos ZD. Cosmeceuticals: efficacy and influence on skin tone. Dermatol Clin 2014;32:137-43.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  32. Farris PK. Cosmeceuticals and clinical practice. In: Farris PK, editor. Cosmeceuticals and cosmetic practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 2013. p. 1-7.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  33. Clarke LH. Physical appearance changes across adulthood - women. In: Cash T, editor. Encyclopedia of body image and human appearance. London: Academic Press; 2012. p. 602-7.
    CrossRef

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