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J Cosmet Med 2022; 6(1): 40-47

Published online June 30, 2022

https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2022.6.1.40

Evaluation of the awareness of the effects of aroma oils and assessment of the antioxidant and brightening effects

Hye Jin Lee, PhD1 , Su Jin Lim, MS2 , Da Won Jung, MS2 , You Jeong Kim, PhD3 , Chang Seok Lee, PhD4

1Department of Health Science, Graduate School, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea
2Department of Beauty and Cosmetic Science, Graduate School, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea
3Department of Associate Degree of Cosmetology (Beauty art and Skin Care), Yeoju Institute of Technology, Yeoju, Rep. of Korea
4Department of Beauty and Cosmetic Science, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to :
Chang Seok Lee
E-mail: cslee2010@eulji.ac.kr

Received: May 9, 2022; Revised: May 19, 2022; Accepted: May 19, 2022

© Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: Aroma oils have various psychological and physical effects and have been used in the beauty industry in several ways. Although aroma oils have functional effects regarding skin beauty, they are not fully utilized in the cosmetic marketing field.
Objective: To bring out the potential of aroma oils in the market, the perception of efficacies of aroma oils and the evaluation of functional efficacy were studies and analyzed in this study.
Methods: The awareness of the effects of aroma oils was determined using surveys, and the actual cosmetic effects of aroma oils were analyzed via in vitro tests.
Results: As a result of evaluating the efficacy of aroma oils via experiments, basil, ylang-ylang, lemongrass, geranium, peppermint, and marjoram oils have antioxidant properties, and eucalyptus and lemongrass oils have brightening effects.
Conclusion: Basil, ylang-ylang, lemongrass, geranium, peppermint, and marjoram oils have the potential to be used as ingredients in anti-aging cosmetics. Also, eucalyptus and lemongrass oils have brightening effects, indicating that they have potential as ingredients for brightening cosmetics.

Keywords: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay, aroma oil, functional efficacy, perception, tyrosinase activity assay

Fig. 1.Antioxidant effects of basil oil. DPPH, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; CTL, control. ***Statistically significant (p<0.001).
  1. Ham HJ. The study on aroma essential use and scent prefer-ence [dissertation]. Seoul: Han Sung University; 2015.
  2. Kim KY, Kim R, Kim KM, Kim SH, Kim AK, Kim EJ, et al. Aro-matherapy theory and practicals. Seoul: Soomoonsa; 2008. p. 92-116.
  3. Raspo MA, Vignola MB, Andreatta AE, Juliani HR. Antioxi-dant and antimicrobial activities of citrus essential oils from Argentina and the United States. Food Biosci 2020;36:100651.
    CrossRef
  4. Ha BJ. Aromatherapy. Seoul: Soomoonsa; 2006. p. 44.
  5. Oh S, Kim K. Improvement effect of hyperpigmentation on dorsal upper body skin by aromatherapy. J Cosmetol Sci 2010;6:185-91.
    CrossRef
  6. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Entered 20% growth rate in cosmetics production in 2016 [Internet]. Cheongju: Ministry of Food and Drug Safety; c2017 [cited 2020 Dec 17].
    Available from: https://www.mfds.go.kr/brd/m_99/view. do?seq=37734&srchFr=&srchTo=&srchWord=&srchTp=&i tm_seq_1=0&itm_seq_2=0&multi_itm_seq=0&company_ cd=&company_nm=&page=205.
  7. Kim DH. Last year’s cosmetic production performance of 15,522.8 billion, an increase of 14.7% from the previous year [Internet]. Seoul: COS’IN; c2019 [cited 2020 Dec 17]. Avail-able from: https://www.cosinkorea.com/news/article. html?no=32795.
  8. Cho WH, Kawakubo H. Possibilities and challenges of com-munity integrating service in aged society: Japan’s experienc-es and Korea’s direction. Korean J Soc Welf Stud 2020;51:207-36.
  9. Lee HJ, Lee CS. Analysis of purchasing perception of aroma cosmetics according to consumer characteristics. J Invest Cosmetol 2020;16:377-86.
  10. Kim JH. Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of lemon and eucalyptus essential oils [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk Uni-versity; 2011.
  11. Tan LT, Lee LH, Yin WF, Chan CK, Abdul Kadir H, Chan KG, et al. Traditional uses, phytochemistry, and bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang). Evid Based Complement Al-ternat Med 2015;2015:896314.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  12. Lim EJ. Skin care customers’ understanding and satisfaction for aroma therapy [dissertation]. Kyungsan: Daegu Haany University; 2009.
  13. An JH, Min YH. Inhibitory effects of apricot seed essential oil on melanogenesis. Korean J Aesthet Cosmetol 2014;12:677-83.
  14. Ha BJ. Cosmeceuticals. Seoul: Shinkwang; 2016.
  15. Chin JE. Analysis of inhibitory component of tyrosinase pro-moter from Morus alba L. [dissertation]. Gwangju: Chonnam National University; 2002.
  16. Lee H, Yoon Y, Jeong Y, Jeong M, Jeong J. Cosmetic science. Seoul: Seonghwa; 2002.
  17. Hwang W. Synthesis of flavonoid aglycones and confirma-tion of tyrosinase inhibitory effect [dissertation]. Chuncheon: Kangwon National University; 2018.
  18. Kwon HJ. Anti-melanogenesis activity of Pleurotus eringii ex-tracts. Asian J Beauty Cosmetol 2015;13:695-700.
  19. Menezes de Sá AÁ, dos Santos EWP, dos S Santana MH, de J Santos A, de Araujo GRS, Santana DG, et al. Evaluation of the incorporation of essential oils in microemulsions as a prom-ising formulation in the inhibition of tyrosinase. Ind Crops Prod 2020;154:112654.
    CrossRef
  20. Tepe AS, Ozaslan M. Anti-Alzheimer, anti-diabetic, skin-whitening, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Ind Crops Prod 2020;145:112069.
    CrossRef
  21. Kim DH. Antioxidant activity and antioxidants, rancidity of edible oil. Seoul: Korea University Press; 1994.
  22. Choi JS, Oh JI, Hwang IT, Kim SE, Chun JC, Lee BH, et al. Ap-plication and high throughput screening of DPPH free radical scavenging activity by using 96-well plate. Korean J Pestic Sci 2003;7:92-9.
  23. Lee E. Antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of geranium and palmarosa [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk University; 2010.
  24. Narayanasamy B, Jeyakumar N, Balasubramanian D. Effect of star anise as a natural antioxidant additive on the oxidation stability of lemon grass oil. Waste Biomass Valor 2021;12:2983-97.
    CrossRef
  25. Yi MR, Bu HJ. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and melanogenesis inhibition effects of 35 species essential oil. J Korean Soc Cos-met 2017;23:677-87.
  26. Chang IS, Son UD, Hwang JS. Approach of antiaging care in cosmetics. J Soc Cosmet Sci Korea 2005;31:213-8.
  27. Juliani HR, Simon JE. Antioxidant activity of basil. In: Janick J, Whipkey A, editors. Trends in new crops and new uses. Alex-andria (VA): ASHS Press; 2002. p. 575-59.
  28. Anggraeni NI, Hidayat IW, Rachman SD, Ersanda. Bioactivity of essential oil from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) as antioxidant agent. AIP Conf Proc 2018;1927:030007.
    CrossRef
  29. Fayed SA. Antioxidant and anticancer activities of Citrus re-ticulate (petitgrain mandarin) and Pelargonium graveolens (geranium) essential oils. Res J Agric Biol Sci 2009;5:740-7.
  30. Woo JH. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities from func-tional components of major commercial herb essential oil products in Korea and foreign countries. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 2010;28 Suppl 1:38-9.
  31. Škrovánková S, Mišurcová L, Machů L. Antioxidant activity and protecting health effects of common medicinal plants. Adv Food Nutr Res 2012;67:75-139.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  32. Majewska E, Kozłowska M, Gruczyńska-Sękowska E, Kow-alska D, Tarnowska K. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil: extraction, composition, bioactivity and uses for food preservation - a review. Pol J Food Nutr Sci 2019;69:327-41.
    CrossRef
  33. Huang HC, Ho YC, Lim JM, Chang TY, Ho CL, Chang TM. Investigation of the anti-melanogenic and antioxidant char-acteristics of Eucalyptus camaldulensis flower essential oil and determination of its chemical composition. Int J Mol Sci 2015;16:10470-90.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef

Article

Original Article

J Cosmet Med 2022; 6(1): 40-47

Published online June 30, 2022 https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2022.6.1.40

Copyright © Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery.

Evaluation of the awareness of the effects of aroma oils and assessment of the antioxidant and brightening effects

Hye Jin Lee, PhD1 , Su Jin Lim, MS2 , Da Won Jung, MS2 , You Jeong Kim, PhD3 , Chang Seok Lee, PhD4

1Department of Health Science, Graduate School, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea
2Department of Beauty and Cosmetic Science, Graduate School, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea
3Department of Associate Degree of Cosmetology (Beauty art and Skin Care), Yeoju Institute of Technology, Yeoju, Rep. of Korea
4Department of Beauty and Cosmetic Science, Eulji University, Seongnam, Rep. of Korea

Correspondence to:Chang Seok Lee
E-mail: cslee2010@eulji.ac.kr

Received: May 9, 2022; Revised: May 19, 2022; Accepted: May 19, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: Aroma oils have various psychological and physical effects and have been used in the beauty industry in several ways. Although aroma oils have functional effects regarding skin beauty, they are not fully utilized in the cosmetic marketing field.
Objective: To bring out the potential of aroma oils in the market, the perception of efficacies of aroma oils and the evaluation of functional efficacy were studies and analyzed in this study.
Methods: The awareness of the effects of aroma oils was determined using surveys, and the actual cosmetic effects of aroma oils were analyzed via in vitro tests.
Results: As a result of evaluating the efficacy of aroma oils via experiments, basil, ylang-ylang, lemongrass, geranium, peppermint, and marjoram oils have antioxidant properties, and eucalyptus and lemongrass oils have brightening effects.
Conclusion: Basil, ylang-ylang, lemongrass, geranium, peppermint, and marjoram oils have the potential to be used as ingredients in anti-aging cosmetics. Also, eucalyptus and lemongrass oils have brightening effects, indicating that they have potential as ingredients for brightening cosmetics.

Keywords: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay, aroma oil, functional efficacy, perception, tyrosinase activity assay

Fig 1.

Figure 1.Antioxidant effects of basil oil. DPPH, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; CTL, control. ***Statistically significant (p<0.001).
Journal of Cosmetic Medicine 2022; 6: 40-47https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2022.6.1.40

References

  1. Ham HJ. The study on aroma essential use and scent prefer-ence [dissertation]. Seoul: Han Sung University; 2015.
  2. Kim KY, Kim R, Kim KM, Kim SH, Kim AK, Kim EJ, et al. Aro-matherapy theory and practicals. Seoul: Soomoonsa; 2008. p. 92-116.
  3. Raspo MA, Vignola MB, Andreatta AE, Juliani HR. Antioxi-dant and antimicrobial activities of citrus essential oils from Argentina and the United States. Food Biosci 2020;36:100651.
    CrossRef
  4. Ha BJ. Aromatherapy. Seoul: Soomoonsa; 2006. p. 44.
  5. Oh S, Kim K. Improvement effect of hyperpigmentation on dorsal upper body skin by aromatherapy. J Cosmetol Sci 2010;6:185-91.
    CrossRef
  6. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Entered 20% growth rate in cosmetics production in 2016 [Internet]. Cheongju: Ministry of Food and Drug Safety; c2017 [cited 2020 Dec 17]. Available from: https://www.mfds.go.kr/brd/m_99/view. do?seq=37734&srchFr=&srchTo=&srchWord=&srchTp=&i tm_seq_1=0&itm_seq_2=0&multi_itm_seq=0&company_ cd=&company_nm=&page=205.
  7. Kim DH. Last year’s cosmetic production performance of 15,522.8 billion, an increase of 14.7% from the previous year [Internet]. Seoul: COS’IN; c2019 [cited 2020 Dec 17]. Avail-able from: https://www.cosinkorea.com/news/article. html?no=32795.
  8. Cho WH, Kawakubo H. Possibilities and challenges of com-munity integrating service in aged society: Japan’s experienc-es and Korea’s direction. Korean J Soc Welf Stud 2020;51:207-36.
  9. Lee HJ, Lee CS. Analysis of purchasing perception of aroma cosmetics according to consumer characteristics. J Invest Cosmetol 2020;16:377-86.
  10. Kim JH. Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of lemon and eucalyptus essential oils [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk Uni-versity; 2011.
  11. Tan LT, Lee LH, Yin WF, Chan CK, Abdul Kadir H, Chan KG, et al. Traditional uses, phytochemistry, and bioactivities of Cananga odorata (Ylang-Ylang). Evid Based Complement Al-ternat Med 2015;2015:896314.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  12. Lim EJ. Skin care customers’ understanding and satisfaction for aroma therapy [dissertation]. Kyungsan: Daegu Haany University; 2009.
  13. An JH, Min YH. Inhibitory effects of apricot seed essential oil on melanogenesis. Korean J Aesthet Cosmetol 2014;12:677-83.
  14. Ha BJ. Cosmeceuticals. Seoul: Shinkwang; 2016.
  15. Chin JE. Analysis of inhibitory component of tyrosinase pro-moter from Morus alba L. [dissertation]. Gwangju: Chonnam National University; 2002.
  16. Lee H, Yoon Y, Jeong Y, Jeong M, Jeong J. Cosmetic science. Seoul: Seonghwa; 2002.
  17. Hwang W. Synthesis of flavonoid aglycones and confirma-tion of tyrosinase inhibitory effect [dissertation]. Chuncheon: Kangwon National University; 2018.
  18. Kwon HJ. Anti-melanogenesis activity of Pleurotus eringii ex-tracts. Asian J Beauty Cosmetol 2015;13:695-700.
  19. Menezes de Sá AÁ, dos Santos EWP, dos S Santana MH, de J Santos A, de Araujo GRS, Santana DG, et al. Evaluation of the incorporation of essential oils in microemulsions as a prom-ising formulation in the inhibition of tyrosinase. Ind Crops Prod 2020;154:112654.
    CrossRef
  20. Tepe AS, Ozaslan M. Anti-Alzheimer, anti-diabetic, skin-whitening, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Ind Crops Prod 2020;145:112069.
    CrossRef
  21. Kim DH. Antioxidant activity and antioxidants, rancidity of edible oil. Seoul: Korea University Press; 1994.
  22. Choi JS, Oh JI, Hwang IT, Kim SE, Chun JC, Lee BH, et al. Ap-plication and high throughput screening of DPPH free radical scavenging activity by using 96-well plate. Korean J Pestic Sci 2003;7:92-9.
  23. Lee E. Antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of geranium and palmarosa [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk University; 2010.
  24. Narayanasamy B, Jeyakumar N, Balasubramanian D. Effect of star anise as a natural antioxidant additive on the oxidation stability of lemon grass oil. Waste Biomass Valor 2021;12:2983-97.
    CrossRef
  25. Yi MR, Bu HJ. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and melanogenesis inhibition effects of 35 species essential oil. J Korean Soc Cos-met 2017;23:677-87.
  26. Chang IS, Son UD, Hwang JS. Approach of antiaging care in cosmetics. J Soc Cosmet Sci Korea 2005;31:213-8.
  27. Juliani HR, Simon JE. Antioxidant activity of basil. In: Janick J, Whipkey A, editors. Trends in new crops and new uses. Alex-andria (VA): ASHS Press; 2002. p. 575-59.
  28. Anggraeni NI, Hidayat IW, Rachman SD, Ersanda. Bioactivity of essential oil from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) as antioxidant agent. AIP Conf Proc 2018;1927:030007.
    CrossRef
  29. Fayed SA. Antioxidant and anticancer activities of Citrus re-ticulate (petitgrain mandarin) and Pelargonium graveolens (geranium) essential oils. Res J Agric Biol Sci 2009;5:740-7.
  30. Woo JH. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities from func-tional components of major commercial herb essential oil products in Korea and foreign countries. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 2010;28 Suppl 1:38-9.
  31. Škrovánková S, Mišurcová L, Machů L. Antioxidant activity and protecting health effects of common medicinal plants. Adv Food Nutr Res 2012;67:75-139.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  32. Majewska E, Kozłowska M, Gruczyńska-Sękowska E, Kow-alska D, Tarnowska K. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil: extraction, composition, bioactivity and uses for food preservation - a review. Pol J Food Nutr Sci 2019;69:327-41.
    CrossRef
  33. Huang HC, Ho YC, Lim JM, Chang TY, Ho CL, Chang TM. Investigation of the anti-melanogenic and antioxidant char-acteristics of Eucalyptus camaldulensis flower essential oil and determination of its chemical composition. Int J Mol Sci 2015;16:10470-90.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef

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