J Cosmet Med 2019; 3(2): 102-107  https://doi.org/10.25056/JCM.2019.3.2.102
Red ginseng spa therapy identification and preferences: targeting Chinese and Japanese tourists
I Seul Kim, MS, Eun-Ju Kang, PhD, Seung-Hee Seo, PhD
Department of Cosmetology, Dongshin University, Naju, Rep. of Korea
Seung-Hee Seo
E-mail: ssh@dsu.ac.kr
Received: December 13, 2019; Revised: December 24, 2019; Accepted: December 26, 2019; Published online: December 31, 2019.
© Korean Society of Korean Cosmetic Surgery. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The spa tourism industry taking on national dimensions, as competition in investment strengthens competitiveness, but research on development of spa therapies with Korean characteristics is lacking.
Objective: This study examined red ginseng spa perceptions and preferences of foreign visitors to Korea, to provide basic material to develop a Korean spa program aimed at developing the beauty tourism industry.
Methods: The study method involved a survey of a sample of Japanese and Chinese tourists who visited red ginseng spas. In total, 359 questionnaires were used in the final analyses.
Results: Chinese tourists ranked excellent effects following therapy and diverse therapy programs first, while Japanese tourists ranked large differences in quality of therapy goods first. With respect to the appropriate time required for red ginseng spa therapy, both Chinese and Japanese tourists preferred two hours. Regarding red ginseng therapy programs, the proportions of Chinese who preferred red ginseng whole body oil massage and red ginseng facial massage were 38.5% and 34.8%, respectively, while the proportions of Japanese who preferred red ginseng facial massage and red ginseng head massage were 39.2% and 31.4%, respectively. Both Chinese and Japanese tourists were satisfied with the use of red ginseng oil as the highest rated cosmetic following red ginseng spa therapy.
Conclusion: If tourist products are developed, and multidimensional follow-up research is performed by heightening perceptions and preferences concerning spa programs, based on the above study results, it will contribute to the development of Korean-style spa programs that are competitive on the global market.
Keywords: Chinese tourists; Japanese tourists; red ginseng; spa program; spa therapy
  1. Kim BI, Kim MS, Jang TS, Choi SI, Kang SO, Hur EY, et al. Spa beauty therapy. Seoul: Jungdam Publishing Co.; 2006.
  2. Moon YJ. A study on using possibility of Korean red ginseng residue extract in the food and pharmaceutical industry by analysis of ginsenosides and sensory characteristics [dissertation]. Seoul: Korea University; 2015.
  3. Park YJ. A research on the level of satisfaction and utilization of Korean spas by Korean, Chinese, and Japanese tourists [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk University; 2014.
  4. Park YI. The comparison of health management effects using Shiatsu therapy between Koreans and Japanese [dissertation]. Busan: Kosin University; 2013.
  5. Park CS. Research of body improvement effects of Shiatsu treatment [dissertation]. Daejeon: Daejeon University; 2006.
  6. Paek HY. Effect of red ginseng dose on female skin condition [dissertation]. Seoul: Konkuk University; 2013.
  7. Shin YW. Public awareness of spa and their preferences for spa programs [dissertation]. Seoul: Chung-Ang University;2014.
  8. Yang S. An exploratory study of beauty tourism of Chinese visiting Korea [dissertation]. Seoul: Sookmyung Women’s University; 2013.
  9. Choi JA. A study on awareness and usage behavior of domestic spas, and current status of spa programs [dissertation]. Seoul: Dongduk Women’s University; 2014.
  10. Lee HY. A study on actual use of spa and their satisfaction [dissertation]. Seoul: Sungshin Women’s University; 2011.

This Article

Cited By Articles
  • CrossRef (0)

Author ORCID Information

Social Network Service