1. "Research misconduct" refers to the act of falsifying, modifying, plagiarizing, and displaying as the unjustified author of an article in a process of proposing, conducting, and presenting research regardless of the purpose of the research, either intentionally or by grave error. Defined as follows:
- ① "Falsification" means the act of creating false research data or research results that do not exist.
- ② "Modification" refers to the act of altering or omitting research data, research process, or research results in a way that is distorted.
- ③ "Plagiarism" refers to the use of other people's ideas, research processes, research results, etc.
- ④ "Indication of unjustified authorship" means the act of not giving credit for authorship to a person who has contributed to the academic papers, or granting authorship to a person who did not contribute to an academic research or results.
- ⑤ This includes acts that seriously damage academic truthfulness.
2. The term "informer" means a person who has notified KSKCS & KCCS of facts or relevant evidence of research misconduct.
3. The term "respondent" means a person who has been investigated for research misconduct by the informer or the academy.
4. "The present investigation" means a procedure for verifying the facts of the allegation of misconduct.
5. "Decision" means the procedure of confirming the result of the investigation and notifying the informer and the respondent in writing.